Research on the in-depth application of logistics

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Research on the in-depth application of logistics information management mode in ERP system

at present, information "overload" in ERP system has become a major symptom of many enterprises. The "massive" and disorderly information accumulated day after day, on the one hand, constantly consumes the information resources of enterprises, on the other hand, it is easy to mislead decisions. This paper takes Guangdong Kelong accessories company's optimization of ERP logistics information management mode as an example to analyze the main reasons for the information overload of ERP traditional logistics information management mode

1. Classification of logistics

from the perspective of information application, we can simply divide logistics into three categories. One is physical logistics, the other is geographically distributed logistics, and the other is mechanical logistics. The three logistics have their own emphasis on information management mode

1.1 physical logistics is usually used in manufacturing enterprises. Its characteristic is that logistics has strong value-added during manufacturing. Scholars and managers have long studied how to create the maximum value-added space, and the key object is manufacturing cost management

1.2 geographically distributed logistics is typically used in distribution oriented sales companies. Its characteristic is that the value chain will mainly realize vehicle weight reduction year by year in three stages in the future. The value chain of a company depends on how widely its sales are distributed. For example, the typical ones are Gome, Suning and so on. Their goods are distributed all over the country. When enterprise managers are studying marketing, on the one hand, they pay attention to how to "distribute goods" to each chain store or chain cabinet in each city (this is called the "capillary" of Marketing) to solve the problem of seizing the market; On the other hand, I have to sigh for the materials and values accumulated in these "capillaries", the sales profits, and the timeliness and authenticity of information collection

1.3 the application of mechanical flow logistics is the most popular third-party logistics company in recent years. Under the concept of taking customers as the core, it provides customers with the best logistics information! Through the most advanced information and communication technology, satellite positioning system, and supporting mobile equipment, let customers know where their materials are now located. Logistics in this paper refers to the first kind

2. traditional logistics information management mode

people familiar with enterprise management carefully observe the traditional manufacturing logistics information management mode, and it is not difficult to find that the information source it adopts is the binding form of "logistics + document flow"

2.1 characteristics of traditional logistics information mode

in the enterprise, the traditional logistics information processing is usually: when a material is sent from the supply location to the demand location, it is required to strictly follow the "document voucher" for handover. Therefore, there are many kinds of documents in enterprises. I remember the author collected more than 140 forms when he was working on an information system in an enterprise! Finally, after many discussions, more than 40 kinds were retained. Taking the most commonly used "picking list" and "issuing list" as examples, this paper analyzes the trend of traditional logistics and its original data

in an enterprise, the "picking list" and "receiving list" of materials are usually designed as "four copies" (one for finance, one for workshop, one for warehouse, and one for team). These documents are used in conjunction with enterprise management regulations. When a department needs to collect materials, enterprise management requires that a "picking list" be prepared first, and then the supply department prepares a "material issuance" according to the "picking list". The enterprise's material management is to distinguish the fact that the demander and the supplier have already handed over materials through the "picking list" and "issuing list". In order to ensure the non repudiation of handover, both parties are required to keep the vouchers of "picking list" and "receiving list" for future inspection. In addition, in order to cooperate with the financial personnel in the capital management of logistics, if there is a gap in the evaluation of logistics management level, the original documents will be submitted to "reconciliation" one by one until the loss of funds is found. In case of violation of regulations, those who are light will be punished, and those who are serious will be submitted to legal sanctions

since materials are the assets of the state or enterprises, enterprises pay special attention to management. In order to manage materials well, each enterprise has designed its own logistics management mode, including logistics lines, channels and warehouses (called nodes in logistics information mode). Warehouse is the cache location of materials. The more warehouses there are in an enterprise, the clearer the logistics management will be, and the more accurate the production cost of products will be calculated. However, the cost of such management will increase, and the processing capacity of information will also increase. When the warehouse setting of materials is less, the management cost will be reduced and the processing capacity of information will be reduced, but the information "black hole" of logistics will increase. At present, when the profit space of manufacturing industry is already very thin, whether increasing labor costs or increasing the "black hole" of information will be a time bomb for enterprises

in order to solve the management problem that logistics circulation is the way to improve resource efficiency, the ERP of Guangdong Kelon accessories company was launched in early 2003. Its logistics information management mode is a typical traditional logistics information mode, with the following characteristics:

(1) refined management. Multi warehouse management, multi process management, product manufacturing process and even each process can collect and query information

(2) manage materials by process. The material movement between storage locations in each process is required to issue a "quadruple order" in strict accordance with the requirements

(3) management accounting should do cost accounting according to products. The handover between warehouses and processes is required, and both parties keep it intact and record it in the log book as the original basis for workshop product accounting

(4) finance calculates the manufacturing cost by product. 7. Strain system inspection: calibration and zeroing of extensometer: measuring the standard length also adopts the "quadruple order" of warehouse and process

application analysis

(1) there are too many logistics nodes and too many warehouses, resulting in too long logistics lines. In addition, warehouses all use "quadruple order", which has a large number of documents, and the workload of handover operation and document collection is large. Therefore, the workload of logging and reconciliation is quite large

(2) lead to workshop cost accounting, financial manufacturing cost accounting information overload, and heavy workload

(3) each process needs to have a material code, there are many kinds of materials, and the workload of basic data input is large

(4) the process material code deepens the level of the bill of materials, and also increases the input of processing orders...

2.3 online effect

after Guangdong Kelon Accessories Co., Ltd. went online in 2003, it used ERP to keep accounts, calculate accounts, check numbers, and produce reports. The logistics data can be queried timely and accurately. However, it is difficult to achieve the effect of managing and controlling logistics. The reason is very simple. The traditional logistics information management mode is originally the way of "post management", which can only see the data clearly and do "post-processing"

3. optimized logistics information management mode

the traditional information management mode is hard moved to ERP system. On the one hand, enterprises have obtained a large number of timely and accurate logistics data. On the other hand, in the face of these "massive" logistics data. Enterprises can't help but marvel at it: how can it be like this? Is it true that our employees are busy inputting data every day, and all departments require additional personnel to report these data

indeed, we have to reflect on the price paid by the enterprise "for the environmentally friendly high and low voltage electronic aluminum foil products for electrolytic capacitors independently developed by information companies!"! I have to understand the current situation of enterprises in the construction of information systems. Can we make a limit, design an adaptive information management mode under the premise of the limited management objectives of the enterprise, let the logistics information "run" within the limited range, and let the enterprise have the ability to manage to analyze and control these logistics information? (end)

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